The set of instructions which is given to computer for performing specific task is known as program. Without programs computers are useless.
The process of writing the computer program is known as Programming.
The language is a tool to communicate with others.
The languages which are used to write computer programs are known as programming language.There are many programming languages such as C, C++, Pascal, BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, JAVA etc.
Types of Programming Languages:
There are two types of Programming Languages:
- Low Level Languages
- High Level Languages
Low Level Language:
The Low Level language are those languages which are near to computer language.It is hard to understand by Human and easy to understand by Computer itself.
- Machine Language (1's and 0's)
- Assembly Language (some symbols with 1's and 0's)
High Level Languages:
The high level languages which are close to human languages.It is easy to understand by Human but difficult for Computer to understand.Computer need some mechanism to understand it.
- JAVA etc.